“No one travels quite so high as he who knows not where he is going.”
Oliver Cromwell

Christopher Alexander on Feedback

“To make the feedback meaningful in a step-by-step process, the process must be open ended, hence partly unpredictable. It must lack a fixed predetermined end-state. This is necessary because adapatation itself means nothing if changes cannot be made in response to the process of adaptation. By definition, such changes cannot be foreseen.

… For a variety of reasons – legal, financial, and procedural – under modern conditions the thing is fixed tooe xactly, too far ahead, an has far too little freedom to unfold … It thereby shut off, nearly altogether, the possiility that useful testing or adaptation could occur …

This mean not only that the end-result of a building project must be unpredictable during design. That is obvious. But to be effective in creating living structure, it cannot help also being unpredictable during construction.”

Christopher Alexander – The Nature of Order – Book 2: The Process of Creating Life


Nature of Order - Table of Contents"