“Immoral governments tolerate desertification and land salting, concreted highways and city sprawl, which take more good land permanently out of life production than the loss of territory to a conqueror.”
Bill Mollison

Permaculture: A Designer's Manual

Christopher Alexander on Feedback

“To make the feedback meaningful in a step-by-step process, the process must be open ended, hence partly unpredictable. It must lack a fixed predetermined end-state. This is necessary because adapatation itself means nothing if changes cannot be made in response to the process of adaptation. By definition, such changes cannot be foreseen.

… For a variety of reasons – legal, financial, and procedural – under modern conditions the thing is fixed tooe xactly, too far ahead, an has far too little freedom to unfold … It thereby shut off, nearly altogether, the possiility that useful testing or adaptation could occur …

This mean not only that the end-result of a building project must be unpredictable during design. That is obvious. But to be effective in creating living structure, it cannot help also being unpredictable during construction.”

Christopher Alexander – The Nature of Order – Book 2: The Process of Creating Life

 

Nature of Order - Table of Contents"
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